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Australian Plant Census (APC)


Note that not all plants have been reviewed for the APC

The Australian Plant Census (APC) provides a list of currently accepted names for the Australian vascular flora, ferns, gymnosperms, hornworts and liverworts, both native and introduced, but DOES NOT provide full details of their usage in the taxonomic literature. For comprehensive bibliographic information, see the Australian Plant Name Index database (APNI) or click through to APNI from hyperlinks on the APC output.

Check the list of families (or other special groupings) treated so far, and the progress of database entry.

APC Search

The Australian Plant Census can be searched via the National Species Lists at:

APC input options

TAXON NAME – searches can be conducted for names at the rank of genus or below. Use the % symbol as a wildcard.
e.g. Grevillea robusta   Grevillea ro%   Grevillea ro% ro%   Grevillea   Grev%

FAMILY – the family to which the plant belongs, following the system used at the Australian National Herbarium. Searches can be made on family alone, but be aware that very large outputs could be generated.

APC output

Current/accepted names are in bold roman type.

'sensu' refers to the taxonomic and nomenclatural concept adopted for the APC. Full references to these concepts are given at the end of the output.

CHAH references indicate that the concept adopted for the APC has not been formally published elsewhere in a scientific work. In cases where a satisfactory circumscription or full synonymy does not exist, the APC Working Group and CHAH reach a consensus on the concept to be used.

Synonyms and misapplications are in italic type.

Hyperlinked plant names provide access to the more extensive APNI entry.

Commentary arising from the APC project’s consideration of a name may be included. Comments are explanatory text on issues such as nomenclature, taxonomic concepts, hybrids and geographic occurrence.

Distributions by State and Territory are listed for each accepted name. Unless specifically labelled “(naturalised)” the taxon is considered to be native in each area listed. State/territory abbreviations are as follows:

ACT = the Australian Capital Territory, excluding Australian Commonwealth Territory at Jervis Bay
AR = Ashmore Reef
CaI = Cartier Island
ChI = Christmas Island
CoI = Cocos (Keeling) Islands
CSI = Coral Sea Islands
HI = Heard Island
LHI = Lord Howe Island
MDI = McDonald Island
MI = Macquarie Island
NSW = New South Wales
NI = Norfolk Island
NT = Northern Territory
Qld = Queensland
SA = South Australia
Tas = Tasmania
Vic = Victoria
WA = Western Australia


Citing APC and other databases managed as part of the Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) and ANBG-CPBR web sites:

Families and groups treated for the APC

To check the progress of the APC project, please consult the list of families and groups treated. The list indicates the month and year in which the circumscription for the group was agreed by CHAH, and the month and year in which the information was added to the APNI/APC database.

Family classification used by the Australian Plant Census is based on the classification presented by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III (2009), which incorporates findings from both taxonomic and phylogenetic studies to circumscribe angiosperm orders and families. Fern classification is based on Smith et al. (2006), gymnosperm classification follows Mabberley (2008). The classification adopted for hornworts follows Renzaglia et al. (2009) and liverworts follows Crandall-Stotler et al. (2009). While these classifications form the basis for higher classification within APC, the system adopted by APC is slightly modified following input and agreement from all major Australian state and territory herbaria.

Full family translation tables from Brummitt (1992) classification : Genus to Family and Old-family to Genus to New-family

Examples from a search on the genus Ficus:

Ficus variegata Blume     sensu   CHAH (2005).

Ficus ehretioides Benth.

Australian material was identified as F. variegata var. variegata in Flora of Australia 3: 64 (1989), but Berg & Corner (2005) do not maintain infraspecific taxa in this species.


Ficus variegata as described by C.L. von Blume in 1827, is an accepted name for the Australian Plant Census, and this has been agreed by consensus of all the CHAH herbaria in 2005, despite different published interpretations since Blume's publication.

Ficus ehretioides Benth. is a synonym of Ficus variegata Blume.

A comment is made by the APC Coordinator.

The plant only occurs in the state of Queensland.

Both the plant name and the synonym name are linked to their respective Australian Plant Name Index (APNI) entries for more information.

Ficus vesca F.Muell. ex Miq. Ficus racemosa L.

Ficus vesca as described F.A.W. Miquel in 1862 (based on Ferdinand von Mueller's concept) is now considered to be a synonym of Ficus racemosa as published by Linnaeus in 1753.

Both the synonym name and the accepted name are linked to their respective Australian Plant Name Index (APNI) entries for more information.


Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III (2009). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161: 105-121.

Brummit, R.K. (1992). Vascular Plant Families and Genera. ( Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK)

Crandall-Stotler, B., Stotler, R.E. & Long, D.G. (2009). Phylogeny and classification of the Marchantiophyta. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 66(1): 155–198.

Renzaglia, K.S., Villarreal J.C., Duff R.J. in Goffinet, B. & Shaw, A.J. (eds) (2009). New insights into morphology, anatomy and systematics of hornworts. Bryophyte Biology 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Smith, A.R., Pryer, K.M., Schuettpelz, E., Korall, P., Schneider, H., Wolf, P.G. (2006). A classification for extant ferns. Taxon 55: 705-731.


National Herbarium of New South Wales
Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney Herbarium of the Northern Territory
Parks & Wildlife Commission NT Australian National Herbarium
Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research Queensland Herbarium
Environmental Protection Agency Western Australian Herbarium
Conservation and Land Management Tasmanian Herbarium
Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery National Herbarium of Victoria
Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne State Herbarium of South Australia
Plant Biodiversity Centre Australian Biological Resources Study
Updated 20 August, 2018